Proficiencies: Writing 121 vs. Writing 122
Even though the portfolio process is similar for WR 121 and WR 122, there are key differences in the sophistication we expect to see in the students’ papers. We hope you’ll use this document as a guide both for planning your course but also for giving constructive feedback to students as they develop as college-level writers.
- Introduces argumentation, critical thinking, rhetorical awareness, and academic research and documentation.
- Focuses on writing clear, detailed prose that employs critical reading and thinking; introduces rhetorical awareness and argumentation; employs basic research and documentation knowledge.
- Develops skills in argumentation, critical thinking, and rhetorical awareness, and practices academic research and documentation.
- Focuses on writing logical and effective argumentative prose that reflects critical thinking and close, critical reading; introduces stylistic elements.
- Develops awareness and consideration of different audiences; and develops research and documentation skills.
Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing
- Acknowledges differing viewpoints; emphasizes accurate representation of sources through paraphrase and appropriate quotation.
- Begins to differentiates the sources and writer’s own ideas.
- Identifies, analyzes, and evaluates sources based on argumentative claims, main ideas, assumptions, and the rhetorical appeals to audience, differentiates the sources and writer’s own ideas.
- Creates an arguable thesis.
- Creates a complex, argumentative thesis based on logical support (optionally with enthymeme).
- Organization meets needs of readers and intended purpose, and reflects genre conventions.
- Begins to address context by signaling exigency and reader’s need-to-know.
- Organization anticipates readers’ stance and develops thesis and reasoning.
- Context and exigency carefully established.
- Writer’s stance signaled in organizational and rhetorical strategies (such as in introduction and marshaling of source material).
Development & Support
- Development provides evidence and logical support of thesis.
- Progression reflects thesis and related claims, and develops stance towards a conclusion.
- Balanced and insightful presentation of evidence supports the thesis.
- Progression reflects thesis, argument, and related claims towards a logical and reasoned conclusion.
Audience, Purpose, Voice
- Anticipates questions in reader’s mind and supplies information.
- Assesses knowledge and bias of audience.
- Portrays counterarguments fairly.
- Words and sentences are appropriate for the audience.
- Convinces reader of the validity of the thesis.
- Evaluates source materials for currency, reliability, authority, and bias.
- Selects primary and secondary sources on the basis of accuracy, validity, and appropriateness.
- Variation in sentence structure appropriate to genre.
- Punctuation is generally correct.
- Deliberate, effective variation in sentence structure appropriate to academic genre.
- Punctuation is accurate and reflects purpose.